On Palestine’s side, Hamas’ military division is also using Twitter to communicate the conflicts evolutions. Posts provide updates about the actions they have undertaken and details about the Palestinian victims.
It is in this context that the conflict has now gone online with hactivists Anonymous deciding to take up their digital weapons by launching operation Oplsrael. Criticising the military violence on both sides, Anonymous states that they are concerned by the outcome for "Israel’s children and Palestine’s land".
They are also looking at defending the "rights of Gaza’s population to have open communication lines to the outside world", something which has led Anonymous to react. They have responded to Israel’s threats of cutting all Internet communications in the Gaza strip.
Numerous Israeli web sites have been targeted, with the effects being felt for long periods with some being graffiti, while others affect Israeli government sites. Anonymous has published a list of attack tools which can be used including the free LOIC which generates and coordinates distributed denial of service attacks.
The Israeli army’s blog has even been disrupted via brute force attacks conducted against it to discover functional user names.
In a press release, Anonymous also provides links to a document which can be downloaded which explains how to build an antenna and use short wave radio waves if an Internet connection is cut.